A Bulky Uterus is a medical condition in which the uterus swells or expands and becomes larger than its standard size.
What are the common causes of a bulky uterus?
Several things can lead to bulking of the uterus. Some of the common causes of a bulky uterus are mentioned below.
These Uterine fibroids are small non-cancerous tumours present along the uterus’s walls. These fibroids, also known as Leiomyomas, can vary in size from very small to several pounds. These fibroids most commonly affect overweight women, women who started menstruating at a very early age, women in their 40s, women who did not have children, or women with a genetic history of fibroids. Symptoms that the person affected by fibroids can face include heavy periods, pain during sexual intercourse, constipation, pressure in the abdomen region, and many more.
Adenomyosis is the condition of diffuse thickening of the uterus when the tissue lining the uterus moves into its muscular outer wall. This condition commonly occurs in women older than 30 years who had given birth before. Its symptoms are very similar to fibroids, such as heavy menstrual flow, cramps, etc. Though the causes of Adenomyosis are not that clearly known, the following may promote it.
- Uterine inflammation
- Stem cell invasion
Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS)
PCOS, which is caused due to hormonal imbalances, can also cause the uterus to bulk up.
Some uterine cancers, such as endometrial cancer or cervical cancer, may lead to a bulky uterus as one of its symptoms.
- Endometrial cancer – It affects the lining of the uterus.
- Cervical cancer – It affects the lower part of the uterus.
When a woman goes through Perimenopause, that is the stage just before entering menopause; her uterus may expand. In most cases, this enlargement of the uterus returns to its normal size after she reaches menopause.
Ovarian cysts can grow both inside as well as on the surface of the uterus. If they grow huge, they may expand the size of the uterus.
Treatments for Bulky Uterus
Suppose a person faces abnormal menstrual cycles, swelling in the legs and lower abdomen regions, difficulty in conceiving, weight gain in the abdomen region, or other symptoms of a Bulky Uterus. In that case, they should see a doctor and get a confirmation diagnosis done. Dr. Shweta Goswami, one of the best IVF Doctor in Noida can be preferred to get the diagnosis done. Being the best IVF Doctor in Noida, she will find out the root cause of the problem.
After the diagnosis is made through a pelvic examination, ultrasound or a MRI scan, \the patient can start the treatment under the consultation of Dr. Shweta Goswami, who is the best IVF Doctor in Noida.
Some of the ways the two most common causes of Bulky Uterus can be treated are as follows.
- For Uterine Fibroids
Treatment for uterine fibroids depends primarily on the size of the fibroids. Contraception pills containing estrogen and progesterone or an IUD are medications commonly prescribed by the doctor to prevent fibroids from developing and controlling their symptoms.
- For Adenomyosis
Medicines like ibuprofen and hormonal pills containing estrogen and progesterone and contraception pills are prescribed to help reduce pain and heavy bleeding due to this condition.
- If the condition is too severe, the patient may have to go through surgeries like Myomectomy which is usually done to remove fibroids, or in some cases even Hysterectomy, where the uterus has to be completely removed from the body.
- In the case of uterine cancer, treatment depends on the severity of the disease. The uterus or the ovaries are removed through surgery can also be recommended if the disease is critical.
- Other treatments often include Uterine artery embolization, Endometrial Ablation, progestogens, and so on.
A bulky uterus may cause you many problems including pain and discomfort in the initial phase. If it gets too severe, it may also start causing other severe problems. Better late than never. If any symptom is observed get yourself diagnosed at the earliest. After diagnosis, if the reports identify a bulky uterus, start the treatment as soon as possible from Zeeva clinic by Dr. Shweta Goswami to ensure a comfortable and successful treatment by the best IVF Doctor in Noida. The treatment for this condition is fairly easy, especially if the treatment is started at an early stage.